stat(1) — Linux manual page


STAT(1)                       User Commands                      STAT(1)

NAME         top

       stat - display file or file system status

SYNOPSIS         top

       stat [OPTION]... FILE...

DESCRIPTION         top

       Display file or file system status.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short
       options too.

       -L, --dereference
              follow links

       -f, --file-system
              display file system status instead of file status

              specify how to use cached attributes; useful on remote
              file systems. See MODE below

       -c  --format=FORMAT
              use the specified FORMAT instead of the default; output a
              newline after each use of FORMAT

              like --format, but interpret backslash escapes, and do not
              output a mandatory trailing newline; if you want a
              newline, include \n in FORMAT

       -t, --terse
              print the information in terse form

       --help display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

       The --cached MODE argument can be; always, never, or default.
       `always` will use cached attributes if available, while `never`
       will try to synchronize with the latest attributes, and `default`
       will leave it up to the underlying file system.

       The valid format sequences for files (without --file-system):

       %a     permission bits in octal (note '#' and '0' printf flags)

       %A     permission bits and file type in human readable form

       %b     number of blocks allocated (see %B)

       %B     the size in bytes of each block reported by %b

       %C     SELinux security context string

       %d     device number in decimal

       %D     device number in hex

       %f     raw mode in hex

       %F     file type

       %g     group ID of owner

       %G     group name of owner

       %h     number of hard links

       %i     inode number

       %m     mount point

       %n     file name

       %N     quoted file name with dereference if symbolic link

       %o     optimal I/O transfer size hint

       %s     total size, in bytes

       %t     major device type in hex, for character/block device
              special files

       %T     minor device type in hex, for character/block device
              special files

       %u     user ID of owner

       %U     user name of owner

       %w     time of file birth, human-readable; - if unknown

       %W     time of file birth, seconds since Epoch; 0 if unknown

       %x     time of last access, human-readable

       %X     time of last access, seconds since Epoch

       %y     time of last data modification, human-readable

       %Y     time of last data modification, seconds since Epoch

       %z     time of last status change, human-readable

       %Z     time of last status change, seconds since Epoch

       Valid format sequences for file systems:

       %a     free blocks available to non-superuser

       %b     total data blocks in file system

       %c     total file nodes in file system

       %d     free file nodes in file system

       %f     free blocks in file system

       %i     file system ID in hex

       %l     maximum length of filenames

       %n     file name

       %s     block size (for faster transfers)

       %S     fundamental block size (for block counts)

       %t     file system type in hex

       %T     file system type in human readable form

   --terse is equivalent to the following FORMAT:
              %n %s %b %f %u %g %D %i %h %t %T %X %Y %Z %W %o %C

   --terse --file-system is equivalent to the following FORMAT:
              %n %i %l %t %s %S %b %f %a %c %d

       NOTE: your shell may have its own version of stat, which usually
       supersedes the version described here.  Please refer to your
       shell's documentation for details about the options it supports.

AUTHOR         top

       Written by Michael Meskes.

REPORTING BUGS         top

       GNU coreutils online help:
       Report any translation bugs to

COPYRIGHT         top

       Copyright © 2020 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+:
       GNU GPL version 3 or later <>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute
       it.  There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO         top

       stat(2), statfs(2), statx(2)

       Full documentation <>
       or available locally via: info '(coreutils) stat invocation'

COLOPHON         top

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GNU coreutils 8.32             March 2020                        STAT(1)

Pages that refer to this page: namei(1)stat(2)statx(2)inode(7)